About Carol J. Adams
Carol J. Adams is the author of the pioneering The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory and the recently released, The Pornography of Meat. Carol's work is widely cited, anthologized and used as a text in college courses in the United States, Canada, and Great Britain. Choice says of her work, "Adams's thinking is brilliant and original." Her work is featured in an award-winning documentary, A Cow at My Table. A rock group, Consolidated, devoted one track of their CD Friendly Fascism to The Sexual Politics of Meat.
Carol J. Adams has been an activist on antiviolence issues since the 1970s. After receiving her Master of Divinity from Yale University Divinity School in 1976, she and her partner started a Hotline for Battered Women in Chautauqua County, New York, housing it in their home for the first year and a half of its existence. During that time Carol was the Executive Director of the Chautauqua County Rural Ministry, Inc., in Dunkirk, New York, an advocacy and service not-for-profit agency addressing issues of poverty, racism, and sexism. During the next decade, among other things, she served as Chairperson of the Housing Committee of the New York Governor's Commission on Domestic Violence (1984-87); coordinated a challenge to a local radio station license because of its racism, misrepresentation, and disregard of FCC rules (this resulted in the first revocation of a radio station license brought about by a community group during the Reagan years), co-ordinated a suit against a city for racism in its housing practices, and began writing what became The Sexual Politics of Meat.
Since 1987, Carol has lived in the Dallas area. Periodically she teaches a course on "Sexual and Domestic Violence: Theological and Pastoral Concerns" at Perkins School of Theology, Southern Methodist University.
Carol has published close to 100 articles in journals, books, and magazines on the issues of vegetarianism, animal advocacy, domestic violence and sexual abuse. In addition, she has contributed entries on "vegetarianism" for numerous academic encyclopedias and dictionaries. She is particularly interested in the interconnections among forms of violence against human and nonhuman animals, writing, for instance, about why woman-batterers harm animals and the implications of this (see Animals and Women). Her article, "Bringing Peace Home: A Feminist Philosophical Perspective on the Abuse of Women, Children, and Pet Animals," represents her approach to these interconnections. (It's in her book Neither Man nor Beast). "Carol has worked to bring back into print Howard Williams's nineteenth-century classic text on vegetarianism, The Ethics of Diet." "Finally, she has contributed prefaces to important vegetarian, vegan, and animal defense books such as Joanne Stepaniak's The Vegan Sourcebook, Richard Alan Young's Is God a Vegetarian? Steve Baker's Picturing the Beast: Animals, Identity, Representation, and Joan Dunayer's Animal Equality: Language and Liberation."
Recently she received awards from The Greater Dallas Coalition for Reproductive Freedom and Planned Parenthood of Dallas and North Texas, "for her help in understanding the psychology of the radical right, for her commitment to women and for her brave stance against the tyranny of Operation Rescue."
Carol is a dynamic and provocative speaker, providing keynote addresses on topics such as "Violence Against Women, Children, and Animals: Understanding the Connections," "An Ecofeminist Analysis of Violence in the Home," and her extremely popular Sexual Politics of Meat Slide Show.
She has been a speaker at various colleges and universities including Yale University, the University of Pennsylvania, Princeton, Columbia, CalTech, the University of Pittsburgh, University of Cincinnati, Smith College, University of Michigan, Skidmore College, Ohio University, Kent State University, Denison College, Southern Methodist University, Oberlin College, Cornell University, Kent State, and Virginia Tech.
Carol practices yoga, meditation, and enjoys cooking vegan meals. Recently she has turned her attention in her writings to the deeply spiritual nature of being a vegan.
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Carol explains the Absent Referent Trilogy:
At the end of my first year of Yale Divinity School, I returned home to the small town where I had grown up. As I was unpacking I heard a furious knocking at the door. An agitated neighbor greeted me as I opened the door. "Someone has just shot your horse!" he exclaimed. Thus began my political and spiritual journey toward including animals in my theory and my practice. It did not require that I travel outside this small village of my childhood--though I have; it involved running up to the back pasture behind our barn, and encountering the dead body of a pony I had loved. That evening, still distraught about my pony's death, I bit into a hamburger and stopped in midbite. I was thinking about one dead animal yet eating another dead animal. What was the difference between this dead cow and the dead pony whom I would be burying the next day? I could summon no ethical defense for a favoritism that would exclude the cow from my concern because I had not known her. A year later, I became a vegetarian.
Later, as I began to work on my first book I was struggling to find a way to explain why people eat animals and why it is so difficult to discuss the issue. I realized that it was because of what I call the structure of the absent referent: Behind every meal of meat is an absence: the death of the animal whose place the meat takes. The "absent referent" is that which separates the meat eater from the animal and the animal from the end product. The function of the absent referent is to keep our "meat" separated from any idea that she or he was once an animal, to keep something from being seen as having been someone.
Many of my books arise from this insight about the absent referent. The Sexual Politics of Meat introduces and explains the structure of the absent referent. If you are interested in a political, feminist, or theoretical analysis of vegetarianism, this book provides it. Yes, it makes startling and controversial claims--but for many it was the first book they encountered that made the connections between sexism, racism, classism, homophobia and animal advocacy. "Now The Pornography of Meat further extends this analysis by illustrating the precise relationship between the structure of the absent referent and inequality. From the rise of chain steakhouses to the language of the hunt, from the halls of government to the practice of artificial insemination on farm animals, The Pornography of Meat shows exactly how harm to others parades as fun."
Living Among Meat Eaters,is a survival guide for vegetarians. People who haven't restored the absent referent (i.e., people who still eat dead animals) must deal with many feelings when they are reminded of what they are doing. I propose that vegetarians and vegans should view meat eaters as blocked vegetarians. Just by being a vegetarian you remind meat eaters that they are blocked. Living Among Meat eaters provides suggestions for talking, eating, living with and cooking for meat eaters. Michael Gregor, in a review for Vegan Outreach wrote, "Ten years in the making, Living among Meat Eaters is a truly monumental work....Our movement sadly lacks theorists. Carol Adams is one of our brilliant exceptions....Living among Meat Eaters is frankly entertaining - in some parts literally laugh-out-loud funny. This is the book we've been waiting for to finally make sense of all the hostility."
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The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory
The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theoryexplores a relationship between patriarchal values and meat eating by interweaving the insights of feminism, vegetarianism, animal defense, and literary theory. A pioneering book, it is now available Tenth Anniversary Edition. When it first appeared in 1990, Library Journal called The Sexual Politics of Meat "an important and provocative work" and predicted it would "inspire and enrage readers across the political spectrum." True to Library Journal's prediction, the book was hailed by CHOICE as a ""bible' for feminist and progressive animal rights activists" and equally reviled by conservative commentators, including Rush Limbaugh, John Leo, and Cal Thomas as an example of political correctness taken to excess.
The appearance of The Sexual Politics of Meat triggered dramatic international media coverage of the book. Polity Press in the United Kingdom immediately issued a British Edition. Full page articles appeared in Australian and Dutch newspapers; reviews appeared in Italy and Norway as well as in Great Britain and the United States. The Kirkus Review concluded that it was "an intelligent polemic...Adams's observations are telling, most are seductively sprung...the argument is both thoughtful and thought-provoking." Publisher's Weekly observed that "Carol J. Adams's original, provocative book makes a major contribution to the debate on animal rights."
The Sexual Politics of Meat has been translated into Japanese and German. It is published by Continuum International.
In response to the ideas in The Sexual Politics of Meat, readers from all over the continent sent Adams examples that they felt proved her point. She has culled from these menus, advertisements, pictures of billboards, matchcovers, t-shirts to create a Sexual Politics of Meat slide show. Some of these images are reproduced in the Tenth Anniversary Edition, which also features a new preface from Carol explaining how the book came about, and how the sexual politics of meat is at work at the turn of the millenium.
CLICK HERE to see view the table of contents for The Sexual Politics of Meat.
The Sexual Politics of Meat Slide Show
An evolving 1 and 1/4 hour dynamic and challenging presentation that discusses the images of women and animals in contemporary popular culture by drawing upon the ideas found in The Sexual Politics of Meat and Neither Man nor Beast. It introduces the concept of the absent referent through autobiography and then systematically applies an analysis of how it functions to explain the animalizing of women in contemporary cultural images and the sexualizing of animals used for food. It draws upon images that have been sent from around the world and is constantly being updated as it tracks changes in popular culture.
The Slide Show provides an ecofeminist analysis of the interconnected oppressions of sexism, racism, and speciesism by exploring the way popular culture presents images of race, gender, and species to further oppressive attitudes. It also suggests forms of resistance against the construction of individuals, human or non-human, as "meat."
Drawing upon images from popular culture, it answers the question: how does someone become a piece of meat? The slide show demonstrates how a trinity of interrelated forces--objectification, fragmentation, and consumption--impact our cultural and personal consciousness about women and animals.
The Sexual Politics of Meat Slide Show has been presented on campuses across the country. From Oregon to Maine, from experimental schools to universities with slaughterhouses on their campus, the slide show attracts a diverse audience and prompts spirited discussions.
Among the issues the slide show addresses are:
In all of this, we encounter the underlying hostility to women that is conveyed, through the supposed neutral medium of meat eating. The connections--and images--are everywhere. Through the sexual politics of meat, consuming images such as these provide a way for our culture to talk openly about and joke about the objectification of women without having to acknowledge that this is what they are doing. These issues are "in our face" all the time. We do not perceive them as problematic because we are so used to having our dominant culture mirror these attitudes. We become shaped by and participants in the structure of the absent referent.
What you can do:
CLICK HERE to see where the slide show has been shown.
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The Pornography of Meat
How does someone become a piece of meat?
Carol J. Adams answers this question in this provocative book by finding hidden meanings in the culture around us. From advertisements to T-shirts, from billboards to menus, from matchbook covers to comics, images of women and animals are merged with devastating consequences.
Like The Sexual Politics of Meat, which has been published in two editions, The Pornography of Meat uncovers startling connections:
Table of Contents: The Pornography of Meat
The Inner Art of Vegetarianism Series: Spiritual Practices for Body and Soul
The Inner Art of Vegetarianismseries explores the intersections of vegetarianism and spiritual practice. It shows how those who cultivate a spiritual practice--whether it is meditation, yoga, working with dreams, keeping a journal, breath awareness, and even cooking--can extend the spiritual awareness they have nurtured to acknowledging how eating meat affects their health, the health of the planet, and the welfare of other animals. It reveals how vegetarians can extend the meaning of their vegetarianism into other areas of conscious awareness, and how doing so can deepen and strengthen their commitment to their diet, worldview, and concern for changing the status quo. The empowering books in The Inner Art of Vegetarianism Series offer the possibility for change for all those seeking to live with more integrity and holism on this Earth, while giving us tools for relaxation, inner work, self-knowledge, and spiritual growth.
The first book in this series is The Inner Art of Vegetarianism. In its pages, Carol provides practical exercises and draws upon her own life as a yoga practitioner, activist for women's and animal rights, anti-violence campaigner, and parent, partner, and cook. She reveals the insights and wisdom that can be gathered by paying attention to what we have consigned to insignificance: whether it is what we put in our bodies or in the day-to-day routines of our lives. She calls upon us to cherish all bodies--whether our own or those of other animals--and to honor our best impulses to live consciously on this planet. She also asks us to care for our souls--to cultivate joy and compassion, care for our selves and our own spiritual journeys, and to honor the process by which we can be transformed.
This process, Carol writes, is both evolutionary and revolutionary. When she became a vegetarian, she notes, "I began to experience the world in a more positive way. I learned how to make a commitment through vegetarianism, and then I learned how to keep a commitment. Anyone who wants to change the world or themselves can learn this too. Vegetarianism offers this to everyone."
Written, as Carol herself notes, to those in process from someone in process, The Inner Art of Vegetarianism is the first book that addresses the heart of what has been an unfortunate divide between vegetarians and spiritual practitioners. As Carol says, the former may be reluctant to cultivate a spiritual practice because they see religious and spiritual traditions condoning the eating of meat. The latter may see vegetarians as too rigid, doctrinaire, or concerned about the everyday (rather than the transcendental) world.
Aware that everyone is at a different place on their spiritual journey, Carol shows how the path of transformation and the healing of the division between spiritual practitioners and vegetarians takes place one step at a time. Noting that you can only be a vegetarian one meal at a time, Carol advises us to immerse ourselves in our vegetarianism and/or spiritual practice by metaphorically dipping our toe into the waters--a daily deed that Carol calls touching the process. "Touching is how you practice your spiritual path," she writes. "If it is yoga, you practice; if it is vegetarianism, you choose your food accordingly; if it is keeping a journal, you write. Touching the process is the practicing of the practice; you touch the process to let the process touch you. These are body-related practices; they involve us. We cannot be spectators to our own spiritual growth."
CLICK HERE to see view the table of contents for The Inner Art of Vegetarianism.
The final book, Meditations on The Inner Art of Vegetarianism provides reflections and meditations for 366 days of the year.
Who is The Inner Art of Vegetarianism for? People who have a spiritual practice and are aware that vegetarianism calls them, or that the possibility of vegetarianism is suggested by their practice. People who are vegans and vegetarians and either see this as an expression of their spirituality and would like to awaken a more spiritually-intense relationship with their vegetarian practice.
Praise for The Inner Art of Vegetarianism:
"In an age when most people embrace membership in a tribe (be it gender, race, ethnicity, religion, whatever) as a way of digging a moat around themselves, Carol Adams cultivates the ties that bind her to all sentient beings. Where others flaunt their differences, she rejoices in the unity of life. The Sexual Politics of Meat, her pioneering feminist analysis of meat-eating published a decade ago, showed us how patriarchal patterns of though create hierarchies of power that oppress us all. Life is indivisible, and either we connect with all who live or we create circles of oppression whichbecause life is indivisiblewill encircle every one of us. In Sexual Politics, Adams was building bridges not only among the victims of oppression, but between the oppressed and the oppressors as well, with the aim of liberating us all.
The bridge that Adams builds in The Inner Art of Vegetarianism joins the community of ethical vegetarians with the community of spiritual practitioners.
In language that is gentle and graceful, Carol Adams shows us how to be more effective in easing the suffering of other by engaging our own, and how to better cope with our own suffering by engaging the suffering of animals."
--Norm Phelps, Satya
"In The Inner Art of Vegetarianism, Carol Adams thoughtfully discusses how the practice of vegetarianism demonstrates care for animals and the environment while advancing good health. She explores spiritual practicessuch as yoga, dreamwork, nonviolent action, meditation and journal-keepingto encourage readers to attend fully to the present moment. The book's final section focuses on vegetarian cooking as a form of meditation."
"After spending two decades practicing yoga and vegetarianism, this Dallas-area author has created a book detailing how her food selection is embedded in spirituality. While the book targets vegetarians, even a meat eater might enjoy its insight. And as Ms. Adams suggests, "it is also for spiritual seekers interested in practicing vegetarianism." The book details how readers can use journal writing, meditation, and cooking to reach a level of the subconscious mind previously reserved for spiritual practitioners."
--The Dallas Morning News Religion Section
CLICK HERE for an except from from the "Introduction" to Meditations:
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The Inner Art of Vegetarianism Workbook
The Inner Art of Vegetarianism Workbook offers a variety of tools, methods, exercises, meditations, and writing prompts that guide you in touching the process of spiritual vegetarianism. For those who wish to become vegetarians, the Workbook features a gentle, inner process of changing, "Growing Vegetarian Roots." For vegetarians who wish to enhance their own spirituality, the Workbook provides a practical, engaged way to begin or continue the spiritual practices introduced in The Inner Art of Vegetarianism. It contains guidance for journal-keeping, dream work, body awareness, and meditation. For every reader, it emphasizes practical ways of deepening a sense of connectedness, compassion, and nonviolence so that they can express themselves through vegetarianism, activism, and daily living.
The final book, The Inner Art of Vegetarianism Meditations is due out in 2001 will provide reflections and meditations. All of the Inner Art books are available from Lantern Books.BACK TO TOP OF PAGE | GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
Living Among Meat Eaters
An invisible meat eater/vegetarian dynamic exists. Left unacknowledged it traps both groups in social interactions that can be painful and upsetting: conversations that become arguments; interactions that become confrontations; meals that exclude vegetarians; friends who sabotage them; nonvegetarian lovers who alienate them. With Living Among Meat Eaters Carol guides vegetarians through these sticky situations with friends, relatives, co-workers, waitstaff, and partners. Whereas meat eaters may be surprised that such a book is necessary, vegetarians will understand immediately. Nothing prepares us for the reactions our vegetarianism prompts from the larger meat-eating culture. Nothing, that is, until now.
&From her experience speaking on campuses and to vegetarian groups, Carol encountered similar questions from vegetarians throughout the country. To her surprise, these questions focused on how, why, and what: "How do I relate to a meat eater who has just done this?" "Why did this happen?" "What can I do?"
Anyone who is living on a low-fat or vegetarian diet will pick up Living Among Meat Eaters and breathe a sigh of relief. "So that is why that happened," they can think, as they remind themselves of that awful restaurant experience or the bitter disagreement they had with their parents/lover/best friend. Then they will see how to prevent it from happening again. Next they will urge the book upon their vegetarian friends because, finally, a book makes sense of their experiences.
Since Living Among Meat Eaters has been published, Carol has heard from people who have read it and write, "I keep saying yes, yes, yes' as I read it. You put into words what so many of us have felt." Meat eaters have written to say that they realized they were blocked vegetarians and have stopped eating animals. It is now available in a special hardcover gift edition as well as a paperback edition.
Table of Contents for Living Among Meat Eaters
CLICK HEREfor reviews of Living Among Meat Eaters
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The Ethics of Diet
A Catena of Authorities Deprecatory of Flesh Eating
Introduction by Carol J. Adams
"Now we can join Gandhi and Tolstoy and nameless others who encountered this vigorous and invigorating book. Welcome to a company of radicals who believed we could and should stop eating non-human animals. They brought vegetarianism out of history and into the here and now." -- from the introduction
Ethical vegetarianism is no recent development, as this unrivaled historical anthology dramatizes. When it was first published 120 years ago, countless people read and endorsed The Ethics of Diet. But then it became a rare book, hard to find even in libraries. For countless more readers, it is at last available again.
In this classic of vegetarian writing, Howard Williams presents a line of thought, a continuous thread, a tradition, a catena of protestation against living on "Butchery." What he finds striking is the variety of the witnesses, the prophets of "Reformed Dietetics" who have "shrunk from the régime of blood," including Gautama Buddha, Pythagoras, Plato, Hesiod, Epicurus, Seneca, Ovid, Thomas More, Montaigne, Mandeville, Pope, Voltaire, Swedenborg, Wesley, Rousseau, Shelley, Byron, Lamar-tine, Michelet, Bentham, Sinclair, Schopenhauer, and Thoreau. Their words are accompanied by the vigorous narrative voice of Williams himself, who put to rest, once and for all, the idea that vegetarianism is a fad.
Howard Williams was a nineteenth-century English humanitarian and vegetarian. The Ethics of Diet (Manchester, 1883) is his magnum opus, a foundational document in the history of vegetarianism.BACK TO TOP OF PAGE | GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
Coming in 2004: Help! My child stopped eating meat! and milk! and cheese! and eggs! (What's Left to Eat?) The Parents' A-Z Guide to Surviving and Thriving a Conflict in Diets.
As the title suggests, this original, insightful and compassionate book empowers parents to respond with love to the surprising and challenging changes that occur when their child becomes a vegetarian or a vegan. From arguments at dinner to tensions with relatives, from worries about the nutritional needs of their child (will my child die?) to the parent's desire to be of help (but how?), this book provides parents with easily accessible answers to basic concerns, from the nutritional to the practical to the family issues that a vegetarian child prompts.
Just a few of the topics that will be in the book include, the idea of "the door swinging off the hinges" (a time when the conflict between adolescent and parent is so intense it appears that the relationship cannot survive); how to avoid letting vegetarianism be that which sets the door swinging or keeps it from being re-hung. The book introduces the concept of the "nomad year," the year before the child graduates from high school, and explain how vegetarianism complicates that nomadic time. In an empathetic voice that recognizes that parenting is difficult, and change is hard to assimilate, the book affirms that vegetarianism need not be any more difficult to assimilate than a child's decision to take up the tuba.
The book is unique in its approach, and in its solutions, by offering not just hope, and not just nutritional information or practical advice, (though there are also extremely important to the book), but very specific ways in which one can continue to be present to a child in the midst of change.BACK TO TOP OF PAGE | GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
Neither Man nor Beast: Feminism and the Defense of Animals(Continuum, 1994)
Part 1: Examining the Arrogant Eye
Ecofeminism and the Sacred.
The Ms. magazine reviewer recommended this volume saying, "This multicultural anthology is a thoughtful contribution to an evolving body of analysis and action." It is published by Continuum International.
Table of Contents
Embodying Ecofeminist Spiritualities
Table of Contents
Animals and Women: Feminist Theoretical Explorations
Table of Contents
Part 1: Sexism/Speciesism: Interlocking Oppression
Part 2: Alternative Stories
Bibliography of Feminist Approaches to Animal IssuesBACK TO TOP OF PAGE | GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
Beyond Animal Rights: A Feminist Caring Ethic for the Treatment of Animals
Table of Contents
Violence Against Women and Children: A Christian Theological Sourcebook(New York: Continuum, 1995)
Edited with Marie M. Fortune. Unfortunately, because of the glacial ways in which the Christian community is dealing with these issues, this book is still right on target in its analysis of the problems. It has been called a "must read." One reviewer said, "If you read only one book [this year], let it be this one."
Table of Contents:
Part I: Theological Foundations
Part II: Reconsidering Biblical Concepts
Part III: Ethical Appraisals
Part IV: Historical Revisioning
Part V: Contemporary Revisioning
Part VI: The Contemporary Church--Pastoral Ministry, Liturgical Issues, and Theological Education
To Order Books:
You can order books several different ways.
If you want to order books online go to www.amazonfembks.com
This is the original "Amazon" bookstore--a feminist bookstore in Minnesota. Help resist the big chain bookstores and support independent bookstores!
Or order directly from the publishers:
* Fortress www.augsburgfortress.org search for: ISBN 0800627857
To order The Inner Art of Vegetarianism online from the publisher: http://www.lanternbooks.com/bookpages/1930051131.htm
To order The Inner Art of Vegetarianism Workbook online from the publisher:
And if you find yourself in one of those chain bookstores, ask for these books. Help spread the word!
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Ten Great Reasons to Buy Books:
Spread the Word
"Spread the Word" from the "Living Among Meat Eaters" column of Animals' Agenda, 22, no. 2 (March/April 2002), p. 29.by Carol J. Adams
Recently, I was in Ohio and took a few hours to browse through a second-hand bookstore. I told the owner as I purchased my books that I was sad to hear he was closing at the end of the month. The owner explained why he had to close, "Radical don't buy books."
It is one thing to be published (and undeniably that is very exciting), but it is another thing to promote one's published books. Promotion is very difficult, or at least for the first ten years of being an author it was for me. I know books are expensive. At first I was very apologetic about the costs of my books. But movies and CDs and Rice Dream frozen desserts don't cost that much less. Book reading and book giving and book buying need to be seen as a part of animal activism.
Many animal activists are also anti-consumerism, and for good reasons.
But I want to encourage animal activists to buy books. It is for activist reasons that I urge this. As an author I want you to read what I have written. Every author desires this. But as an author, I need you to buy what I have written. Every author needs this, too.
Publishers publish books because they assume there is a market for the books. If there is no market, there will be fewer animal-related books. Lantern Books, a new publisher, has taken great risks to bring us important animal-related books. They have republished books that were out of print. They have published an anthology of writings from this magazine. It is in our best interests as animal activists to help them succeed, and to support any publisher who takes risks with this material.
Think about what a book does. It announces simultaneously, "this topic matters" and "this author has something to say."
A book may have changed your life.
A book can answer a question, "Doesn't the Bible grant dominion over animals?"
When someone says, "I can't talk to you anymore," a book can explain your feelings and beliefs in a safe, nonconfrontative manner.
When confusing and frustrating things occur, a book may help you interpret what happened, and see it in a new perspective.
When you feel overwhelmed, a book may provide solace and support.
When you find yourself unable to articulate something that is important, a book may provide explanations.
Books are tools of social change. Healthy blood, we know, circulates fresh oxygen. Books need to be in circulation too. They can keep us invigorated. They need to be read, passed around, discussed. Books need to be kept alive.
Support publishers who take risks with these subjects. In doing so, you are also creating a market for writers who are not yet published, writers who may not yet be writing. You, perhaps?
You don't have to wait for a holiday. Give a book for mother's or father's day"this explains who I am" or "here are some great recipes." Give a book for a birthday. Give a book spontaneouslythat will be remembered. Get books into circulation.
Order them through your favorite vegan or animal activist catalog. If they don't carry it, ask them to. Ask for them, too, at Barnes and Noble and Bordersget them on the shelves for those who purchase only from these chains. (And if you favorite animal activist books are there, do some creative arranging and point the cover outward, so that it has the chance to be noticed.) Ask for them at airport bookstores. Order them from the Book Publishing Company and their Mail Order Catalog. Order them from an alternative bookstore or a feminist bookstore.
Ideas are free, but keeping them in circulation isn't. If there is a book of which you say, "This book changed my life," give it to othersperhaps it will do the same for them.BACK TO TOP OF PAGE | GENERAL TABLE OF CONTENTS
Interviews with Carol
CLICK HERE to read them!